Mediums are important additions to the oil painter’s toolbox. They modify the feel of paint, change the surface sheen, build or reduce viscosity, and in some cases, can be the driving factor behind the aesthetic of a work. Williamsburg Handmade Oil Colors Alkyd Resin can be mixed with oil paints to improve leveling, increase transparency and impart a glossy, tack-free surface. The Extender Medium increases the amount of paint with minimal change to color or consistency.
Alkyd Resin (Slow Drying)
Alkyd Resin is a viscous, honey-like medium, with a light amber color and long, stringy rheology. It is sticky and leveling. Like other alkyd mediums, our Alkyd Resin can be mixed with paint directly out of the container or thinned with solvent before use. It can also be a component in a medium by mixing it with other drying oils and/or solvent to customize the consistency and working properties. When used in small amounts with paint, about 10-15% by volume, it softens brush strokes and increases saturation. As the amounts are increased, regular paints start to function like fluid enamels providing a glossy, hard finish with exceptional leveling. Here is a clip showing the color and viscosity of this medium.
Alkyd Resin can also be used for glazing or oiling out areas that will be directly painted into. It provides a slightly sticky surface that can be ideal for applying details with paint modified with the same medium. Because the medium is so sticky, these areas can be lightly brushed over while wet to smooth the surface without destroying the detail.
Our Alkyd Resin is considered a slow drying alkyd. When used on its own, it usually takes about 3-4 days for the Alkyd Resin to completely dry to the touch when used in a thickness of about 2-3 sheets of ordinary office paper. Working time is usually several hours and can be extended with the addition of solvent. Alkyd Resin’s drying profile is similar to the middle of the range of most oils, meaning that one can get all the benefits of adding an alkyd – gloss, hardness, and not being susceptible to solvents like natural resins – without sacrificing the open time that allows oil painters to manipulate edges and blend over an extended time.
This product should be used like other oil-based mediums – added in minimum amounts into the lower layers of the work and then increased, if desired, into the upper layers to provide more gloss and transparency. The more Alkyd Resin that is added to the paint, the more transparent the mixtures will become. The paint layers should be thinner the more medium is added, as medium rich mixtures can wrinkle if applied too thickly. It is not recommended to use Alkyd Resin on its own as a final layer of an oil painting because it is a non-removable film and will yellow over time. Yellowing should not be an issue when used in mixtures or in glazes, as the yellowing of the oil will be masked by the color of the pigment in the paint and is much less discernible in thinner layers.
Extender Medium, previously called Impasto Medium, is essentially colorless paint made with inert pigments in linseed oil. It is intended to be used as the name implies, to extend paint. It is made from marble dust (calcium carbonate) and barium sulfate which are typically used as modifiers for oil paint to improve feel and dry time. When used in larger amounts, these pigments are categorized as fillers, as in the case of student-grade oil paints.
Extender Medium is a translucent, pale grey paste that has a similar consistency to most of our oil paints. It has a very low tinting strength and only slightly lightens and changes the sheen of most colors when mixed in. An ideal use for the extender Medium is when you want to mix a larger quantity of straight paint and don’t mind a slightly less saturated color or a muted sheen. Using mixtures made with Extender Medium can be a very cost effective way to cover a lot of surface area. Underpaintings are a great opportunity to use the Extender. It can also help mix certain tints and colors that would otherwise not be available simply with the addition of white or other tube colors. A normal brushed out layer dries in about 3-4 days.
We recommend a starting ratio of one part paint to one part Extender Medium. While you can go higher, you should consider the color you are mixing it with when using higher ratios. For example, when Extender Medium is mixed with transparent colors, it makes them more opaque, and when mixed with dark colors, it makes them noticeably lighter. Also, because the Extender is rather translucent, it does not have the capacity to mask the yellowing of the linseed oil. If too much is added to a color that is also vulnerable to yellowing, such as white or a transparent, low tinting strength color like Ultramarine Pink, then that mixture could develop a yellow cast over the long term. Even though additions of Extender Medium only slightly change most tube colors, it becomes pretty clear that the strength of the color has been reduced when mixtures made with Extender are tinted with white. Like Alkyd Resin, we do not recommend using this product on its own because of yellowing and because calcium carbonate and barium sulfate form a soft film when not used in conjunction with other pigments.
We hope these mediums encourage you to explore as you realize your artistic goals. As the saying goes, moderation in all things is the best policy. Keep that in mind as you add any mediums to your oil paints, as small additions can go a long way to provide modified feel and visual effect as well as extending your paint.
Please contact GOLDEN Technical Support with any questions or comments about this article or any other paint related topic. firstname.lastname@example.org or 800-959-6543.